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Facts About the 50 States

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Take a look at these quick facts for the 50 United States of America!

By uncovering each state from A to Z, kids will learn important facts about all 50 of the United States of America! Facts like the state capitals, state nicknames, when they entered the union, and a few state symbols will be included.

State Facts

Why Learn About the 50 States

You may be wondering why you should teach children about the states? Well, education as a whole can improve a child’s life, community, and even change an entire nation.

Teaching young learners about all 50 states can, in fact, make all the difference. By introducing young minds to the facts about each state, they will become familiar with the subject of history. This, in turn, can help to shape children both as individuals and as contributing members of society.

In short, educating kids about the 50 states can be a building block to molding the responsible citizens of tomorrow.

So, let’s get started shaping the minds of our future with facts about the 50 states!

State Facts

Facts About the 50 States of the United States

Alabama

State Name: Alabama
State Nickname: Yellowhammer State
State Capital: Montgomery, Alabama
Became a State On: December 14, 1819
State Number: 22nd
State Animal: Black Bear
State Bird: Northern Flicker
State Flower: Camellia

Fun Facts About Alabama


Alaska

State Name: Alaska
State Nickname: Last Frontier State
State Capital: Juneau, Alaska
Became a State On: January 3, 1959
State Number: 49th
State Animal: Moose
State Bird: Willow Ptarmigan
State Flower: Alpine Forget-Me-Not

Alaska Fun Facts for Kids


Arizona

State Name: Arizona
State Nickname: Grand Canyon State
State Capital: Phoenix, Arizona
Became a State On: February 14, 1912
State Number: 48th
State Animal: Ringtail
State Bird: Cactus Wren
State Flower: Saguaro Cactus Blossom

Arizona Fun Facts


State Facts

Arkansas

State Name: Arkansas
State Nickname: Natural State
State Capital: Little Rock, Arkansas
Became a State On: June 15, 1836
State Number: 25th
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Mockingbird
State Flower: Apple Blossom

Arkansas Fun Facts


California

State Name: California
State Nickname: Golden State
State Capital: Sacramento, California
Became a State On: September 9, 1850
State Number: 31st
State Animal: Grizzly Bear
State Bird: California Quail
State Flower: California Poppy

Fun Facts About California


Colorado

State Name: Colorado
State Nickname: Centennial State
State Capital: Denver, Colorado
Became a State On: August 1, 1876
State Number: 38th
State Animal: Rocky Mountain Big Horn Sheep
State Bird: Lark Bunting
State Flower: Rocky Mountain Columbine

Colorado Fun Facts


Connecticut

State Name: Connecticut
State Nickname: Constitution State
State Capital: Hartford, Connecticut
Became a State On: January 9, 1788
State Number: 5th
State Animal: Sperm Whale
State Bird: American Robin
State Flower: Mountain Laurel

Fun Facts About Connecticut


State Facts

Delaware

State Name: Delaware
State Nickname: First State
State Capital: Dover, Delaware
Became a State On: December 7, 1787
State Number: 1st
State Animal: Grey Fox
State Bird: Blue Hen Chicken
State Flower: Peach Blossom

Fun Facts About Delaware


Florida

State Name: Florida
State Nickname: Sunshine State
State Capital: Tallahassee, Florida
Became a State On: March 3, 1845
State Number: 27th
State Animal: Florida Panther
State Bird: Mockingbird
State Flower: Orange Blossom

Fun Facts About Florida


Georgia

State Name: Georgia
State Nickname: Peach State
State Capital: Atlanta, Georgia
Became a State On: January 2, 1788
State Number: 4th
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Brown Thrasher
State Flower: Cherokee Rose

Fun Facts About Georgia


Hawaii

State Name: Hawaii
State Nickname: Aloha State
State Capital: Honolulu, Hawaii
Became a State On: August 21, 1959
State Number: 50th
State Animal: Monk Seal
State Bird: Nene
State Flower: Pua Aloalo

Fun Facts About Hawaii


State Facts

Idaho

State Name: Idaho
State Nickname: Gem State
State Capital: Boise, Idaho
Became a State On: July 3, 1890
State Number: 43rd
State Animal: Appaloosa Horses
State Bird: Mountain Bluebird
State Flower: Syringa

Fun Facts About Idaho


Illinois

State Name: Illinois
State Nickname: Prairie State
State Capital: Springfield, Illinois
Became a State On: December 3, 1818
State Number: 21st
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Northern Cardinal
State Flower: Violet

Fun Facts About Illinois


Indiana

State Name: Indiana
State Nickname: Hoosier State
State Capital: Indianapolis, Indiana
Became a State On: December 11, 1816
State Number: 19th
State Animal: N/A
State Bird: Northern Cardinal
State Flower: Peony

Fun Facts About Indiana


Iowa

State Name: Iowa
State Nickname: Hawkeye State
State Capital: Des Moines, Iowa
Became a State On: December 28, 1846
State Number: 29th
State Animal: N/A
State Bird: American Goldfinch
State Flower: Prairie Rose

Iowa Fun Facts


State Facts

Kansas

State Name: Kansas
State Nickname: Sunflower State
State Capital: Topeka, Kansas
Became a State On: January 29, 1861
State Number: 34th
State Animal: American Buffalo
State Bird: Western Meadowlark
State Flower: Wild Native Sunflower

Fun Facts About Kansas


Kentucky

State Name: Kentucky
State Nickname: Bluegrass State
State Capital: Frankfort, Kentucky
Became a State On: June 1, 1792
State Number: 15th
State Animal: Gray Squirrel
State Bird: Northern Cardinal
State Flower: Goldenrod

Kentucky Fun Facts


Louisiana

State Name: Louisiana
State Nickname: Pelican State
State Capital: Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Became a State On: April 30, 1812
State Number: 18th
State Animal: Black Bear
State Bird: Brown Pelican
State Flower: Magnolia

Fun Facts About Louisiana


Maine

State Name: Maine
State Nickname: Pine Tree State
State Capital: Augusta, Maine
Became a State On: March 15, 1820
State Number: 23rd
State Animal: Moose
State Bird: Black-Capped Chickadee
State Flower: White Pine Cone

Fun Facts About Maine


State Facts

Maryland

State Name: Maryland
State Nickname: Old Line State
State Capital: Annapolis, Maryland
Became a State On: April 28, 1788
State Number: 7th
State Animal: Thoroughbred Horse
State Bird: Baltimore Oriole
State Flower: Black-Eyed Susan

Maryland Fun Facts


Massachusetts

State Name: Massachusetts
State Nickname: Bay State
State Capital: Boston, Massachusetts
Became a State On: February 6, 1788
State Number: 6th
State Animal: Right Whale
State Bird: Black-Capped Chickadee
State Flower: Mayflower

Fun Facts About Massachusetts


Michigan

State Name: Michigan
State Nickname: Great Lakes State
State Capital: Lansing, Michigan
Became a State On: January 26, 1837
State Number: 26th
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Robin Redbreast
State Flower: Apple Blossom

Fun Facts About Michigan


Minnesota

State Name: Minnesota
State Nickname: North Star State
State Capital: St Paul, Minnesota
Became a State On: May 11, 1858
State Number: 32nd
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Common Loon
State Flower: Pink and White Lady Slipper

Minnesota Fun Facts


Mississippi

State Name: Mississippi
State Nickname: Magnolia State
State Capital: Jackson, Mississippi
Became a State On: December 14, 1819
State Number: 22nd
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Mockingbird
State Flower: Magnolia

Fun Facts About Mississippi


State Facts

Missouri

State Name: Missouri
State Nickname: Show-Me State
State Capital: Jefferson City, Missouri
Became a State On: August 10, 1821
State Number: 24th
State Animal: Missouri Mule
State Bird: Eastern Bluebird
State Flower: White Hawthorn Blossom

Fun Facts About Missouri


Montana

State Name: Montana
State Nickname: Treasure State
State Capital: Helena, Montana
Became a State On: November 8, 1889
State Number: 41st
State Animal: Grizzly Bear
State Bird: Western Meadowlark
State Flower: Bitterroot

Fun Facts About Montana


Nebraska

State Name: Nebraska
State Nickname: Cornhusker State
State Capital: Lincoln, Nebraska
Became a State On: March 1, 1867
State Number: 37th
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Western Meadowlark
State Flower: Goldenrod

Fun Facts About Nebraska


Nevada

State Name: Nevada
State Nickname: Silver State
State Capital: Carson City, Nevada
Became a State On: October 31, 1864
State Number: 36th
State Animal: Desert Bighorn Sheep
State Bird: Mountain Bluebird
State Flower: Sagebrush

Nevada Fun Facts


State Facts

New Hampshire

State Name: New Hampshire
State Nickname: Granite State
State Capital: Concord, New Hampshire
Became a State On: June 21, 1788
State Number: 9th
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Purple Finch
State Flower: Purple Lilac

Fun Facts About New Hampshire


New Jersey

State Name: New Jersey
State Nickname: Garden State
State Capital: Trenton, New Jersey
Became a State On: December 18, 1787
State Number: 3rd
State Animal: Horse
State Bird: Eastern Goldfinch
State Flower: Violet

Fun Facts About New Jersey


New Mexico

State Name: New Mexico
State Nickname: Land of Enchantment State
State Capital: Santa Fe, New Mexico
Became a State On: January 6, 1912
State Number: 47th
State Animal: Black Bear
State Bird: Greater Roadrunner
State Flower: Yucca Flower

Fun Facts About New Mexico


New York

State Name: New York
State Nickname: Empire State
State Capital: Albany, New York
Became a State On: July 26, 1788
State Number: 11th
State Animal: Beaver
State Bird: Eastern Bluebird
State Flower: Rose

New York Fun Facts


North Carolina

State Name: North Carolina
State Nickname: Tar Heel State
State Capital: Raleigh, North Carolina
Became a State On: November 21, 1789
State Number: 12th
State Animal: Gray Squirrel
State Bird: Northern Cardinal
State Flower: Dogwood

North Carolina Fun Facts


State Facts

North Dakota

State Name: North Dakota
State Nickname: Peace Garden State
State Capital: Bismarck, North Dakota
Became a State On: November 2, 1889
State Number: 39th
State Animal: N/A
State Bird: Western Meadowlark
State Flower: Wild Prairie Rose

North Dakota Fun Facts


Ohio

State Name: Ohio
State Nickname: Buckeye State
State Capital: Columbus, Ohio
Became a State On: March 1, 1803
State Number: 17th
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Northern Cardinal
State Flower: Carnation

Fun Facts About Ohio


Oklahoma

State Name: Oklahoma
State Nickname: Sooner State
State Capital: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Became a State On: November 16, 1907
State Number: 46th
State Animal: Buffalo
State Bird: Scissor-Tailed Flycatcher
State Flower: Oklahoma Rose

Fun Facts About Oklahoma


Oregon

State Name: Oregon
State Nickname: Beaver State
State Capital: Salem, Oregon
Became a State On: February 14, 1859
State Number: 33rd
State Animal: Beaver
State Bird: Western Meadowlark
State Flower: Oregon Grape

Oregon Fun Facts


Pennsylvania

State Name: Pennsylvania
State Nickname: Keystone State
State Capital: Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
Became a State On: December 14, 1819
State Number: 22nd
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Ruffed Grouse
State Flower: Mountain Laurel

15 Fun Facts About Pennsylvania


State Facts

Rhode Island

State Name: Rhode Island
State Nickname: Ocean State
State Capital: Providence, Rhode Island
Became a State On: May 29, 1790
State Number: 13th
State Animal: Harbor Seal
State Bird: Rhode Island Red
State Flower: Violet

Fun Facts About Rhode Island


South Carolina

State Name: South Carolina
State Nickname: Palmetto State
State Capital: Columbia, South Carolina
Became a State On: May 23, 1788
State Number: 8th
State Animal: White-Tailed Deer
State Bird: Carolina Wren
State Flower: Yellow Jessamine

Fun Facts About South Carolina


South Dakota

State Name: South Dakota
State Nickname: Mount Rushmore State
State Capital: Pierre, South Dakota
Became a State On: November 2, 1889
State Number: 40th
State Animal: Coyote
State Bird: Ring-Necked Pheasant
State Flower: American Pasque

South Dakota Fun Facts


Tennessee

State Name: Tennessee
State Nickname: Volunteer State
State Capital: Nashville, Tennessee
Became a State On: June 1, 1796
State Number: 13th
State Animal: Raccoon
State Bird: Mockingbird
State Flower: Iris

Fun Facts About Tennessee


State Facts

Texas

State Name: Texas
State Nickname: Lone Star State
State Capital: Austin, Texas
Became a State On: December 29, 1845
State Number: 28th
State Animal: Texas Longhorn
State Bird: Mockingbird
State Flower: Blue Bonnet

Fun Facts About Texas


Utah

State Name: Utah
State Nickname: Beehive State
State Capital: Salt Lake City, Utah
Became a State On: January 4, 1896
State Number: 45th
State Animal: Rocky Mountain Elk
State Bird: California Gull
State Flower: Sego Lily

Utah Fun Facts


Vermont

State Name: Vermont
State Nickname: Green Mountain State
State Capital: Montpelier, Vermont
Became a State On: March 4, 1791
State Number: 14th
State Animal: Morgan Horse
State Bird: Hermit Thrush
State Flower: Red Clover

Vermont Fun Facts


Virginia

State Name: Virginia
State Nickname: Old Dominion State
State Capital: Richmond, Virginia
Became a State On: June 25, 1788
State Number: 10th
State Animal: American Foxhound
State Bird: Northern Cardinal
State Flower: American Dogwood

Fun Facts About Virginia


Washington

State Name: Washington
State Nickname: Evergreen State
State Capital: Olympia, Washington
Became a State On: November 11, 1889
State Number: 42nd
State Animal: Orca
State Bird: Willow Goldfinch
State Flower: Coast Rhododendron

Fun Facts About Washington State


State Facts

West Virginia

State Name: West Virginia
State Nickname: Mountain State
State Capital: Charleston, West Virginia
Became a State On: June 20, 1863
State Number: 35th
State Animal: Black Bear
State Bird: Northern Cardinal
State Flower: Rhododendron

Fun Facts About West Virginia


Wisconsin

State Name: Wisconsin
State Nickname: Badger State
State Capital: Madison, Alabama
Became a State On: May 29, 1848
State Number: 30th
State Animal: Badger
State Bird: American Robin
State Flower: Wood Violet

Wisconsin Fun Facts


Wyoming

State Name: Wyoming
State Nickname: Equality State
State Capital: Cheyenne, Wyoming
Became a State On: July 10, 1890
State Number: 44th
State Animal: American Bison
State Bird: Western Meadowlark
State Flower: Indian Paintbrush

Fun Facts About Wyoming


Learning About the 50 States

Facts about the 50 states, including capitals, nicknames, and more is just the start of history education for young children. From Alabama to Wyoming, these facts will help to educate, inspire, and build knowledge in the minds of our youth!

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